UNICEF: The United Nations Children’s Fund
UNICEF’s Child Friendly Cities Initiative began in 1996 as a means to support municipal governments in realizing the rights of children at a local level, drawing on the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child as its guiding framework.
Today, UNICEF’s Child Friendly Cities Initiative is also a network of governments, private sector, academics, and children who wish to make their cities more “child-friendly.”
The initiative emerged from the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) which sought to create livable cities for all.
The Habitat II conference declared that “the wellbeing of children is the ultimate indicator of a healthy habitat, a democratic society, and of good governance.”
The Growing Up in Cities program of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) arose of of the environmental movement in the 1970s and Kevin Lynch’s work to create favorable social relationships with the human environment.
UN-Habitat, Agenda 21, and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction all have provisions for youth engagement in decision making related to the environment.
In 2019, the Declaration on Children, Youth and Climate Action was adopted and reflects priorities identified by children and youth throughout the world, including meaningful participation in climate-related decision making.